Invincible is the final studio album by American recording artist Michael Jackson, released on October 30, 2001, by Epic Records. Similar to Jackson's previous material, Invincible explores themes such as love, romance, isolation, media criticism, and social issues. It was Jackson's sixth studio album released through Epic, and his final studio album released before his death in 2009.
An extensive and laborious album to make, Jackson started the multi genre production in 1997, and did not finish until eight weeks before the album's October 2001 release. Jackson recorded in over 10 different studios, and the final cost was over thirty million dollars. Combined with twenty five million toward the cost of promoting the album, Invincible is the most expensive album ever made.
The album peaked at number one in eleven territories worldwide, including the United States (with first-week sales of 363,000 units), the United Kingdom, Australia, France and Switzerland. Invincible charted within the top ten in six other territories. Upon release, the album received mixed reviews from contemporary music critics.
Invincible was one of the best-selling of 2001, being ranked at #9 on the International Federation of the Phonographic Industry's (IFPI) Top 50 Global Best Selling Albums for 2001. In December 2009, readers of Billboard magazine voted Invincible as the best album of the decade, from their readers poll.