Joanne is the fifth studio album by American singer Lady Gaga. It was released on October 21, 2016, by Streamline and Interscope Records. The album's production was led by Mark Ronson, Gaga herself and BloodPop, alongside a variety of collaborators including Kevin Parker, Emile Haynie, Jeff Bhasker and Josh Homme. The music of Joanne features "stripped-down" soft rock and dance-pop styles in order to emphasize the singer's vocal abilities. Lyrically, the album delves on the theme of family and life's emotions, with the death of her aunt, Joanne Stefani Germanotta, having a deep influence on the record.
Joanne received generally positive reviews from music critics. Commercially, it became Gaga's fourth album to reach number one in the United States, and also topped the charts in Argentina, Brazil, Mexico, and the international charts of Japan and Korea, while reaching the top ten in over 15 territories. In order to promote the record, three singles were released, "Perfect Illusion", "Million Reasons" and "Joanne". "Perfect Illusion" was released as the album's lead single on September 9, 2016, reaching number one in France and Spain, while "Million Reasons" reached number four in the United States. "Joanne" was later released to radio in selected territories, as the album's third and final single. The supporting Joanne World Tour started on August 1, 2017 and ended on February 1, 2018. The album was nominated for the Grammy Award for Best Pop Vocal Album at the 60th Annual Grammy Awards.