MDNA is the twelfth studio album by American singer Madonna, released on March 23, 2012, by Interscope Records. The album was conceived while the singer was busy during 2011, with the filming of her directorial venture, W.E. Madonna started the recording in July 2011 and collaborated with a variety of producers such as Alle Benassi, Benny Benassi, Demolition Crew, Free School, Michael Malih, Indiigo, William Orbit and Martin Solveig, the last two serving as primary producer for the sound of the record.
Recording became a natural process for all parties involved, although Madonna found difficulty in working with Benny Benassi who did not speak fluent English and had to use Alle Benassi as interpreter. A pop and EDM record, MDNA consisted of both introspective as well as upbeat songs. Lyrically the record explores themes such as partying, love for music, infatuation, as well as heartbreak, revenge and separation. The album's title is a triple entendre and makes allusion to the drug MDMA, thus facing negative reception from anti-drug groups.
MDNA was Madonna's first release under the multi faceted deal she had signed with Live Nation in 2007. The singer also signed with Interscope for a three-album deal. The record received promotion from Madonna's performance at Super Bowl XLVI halftime show as well as The MDNA Tour, the latter becoming one of the highest-grossing tours of all time. Four singles were released—"Give Me All Your Luvin'", "Girl Gone Wild", "Masterpiece" and "Turn Up the Radio". The first single reached number ten on the Billboard Hot 100, thereby extending Madonna's record as the artist with the most top-ten singles in that chart's history. No further promotion was done for the record, a situation which was reported in the media.
Music critics were ambivalent towards the album. They praised Orbit's production and the downtempo songs, but criticized the lyrics as well as Madonna for being regressive with her music. The record debuted atop the record charts of major music markets, including Australia, Brazil, Canada, Italy, Spain, the United Kingdom and the United States. Madonna set a new record for the most number-one albums by a solo artist in Australia and the United Kingdom, but also achieved the largest second-week percentage sales drop for a number-one album of the Nielsen SoundScan era in the United States. MDNA was the twelfth best-selling album of 2012 globally, and went on to sell two million copies.