Tanglewood Numbers is the fifth full-length album by Silver Jews, released in 2005.
Like on all of their other albums, Silver Jews' principal song writer and constant band member is David Berman. On this album fourteen other musicians are involved in the performance and creation. Tanglewood Numbers marked the return of Pavement members Stephen Malkmus and Bob Nastanovich into Silver Jews. Malkmus had last appeared on American Water while Nastanovich had last appeared on the band's debut album Starlite Walker. Cassie Berman, wife of David Berman, also appears.
The album's cover is a photograph by famed Southern photographer William Eggleston.