Hannibal is a 2001 American psychological horror-thriller film directed by Ridley Scott, adapted from the 1999 novel by Thomas Harris. The sequel to the 1991 film The Silence of the Lambs, Anthony Hopkins reprises his role as the cannibalistic serial killer Hannibal Lecter. Julianne Moore co-stars as FBI Special Agent Clarice Starling, the role first held by Jodie Foster. Ray Liotta, Giancarlo Giannini, and Gary Oldman also star.
Silence of the Lambs director Jonathan Demme, screenwriter Ted Tally, and Foster all declined to be involved in the adaptation, finding the novel too lurid. Scott became attached after the success of Gladiator (2000), and signed on after reading the script pitched by Dino De Laurentiis, who produced Manhunter (1986), the first Lecter film. David Mamet and Steven Zaillian wrote the screenplay.
Set ten years after The Silence of the Lambs, Hannibal follows Starling's attempts to apprehend Lecter in Italy before his surviving victim, Mason Verger, captures him. Hannibal broke box office records in the United States, Australia, Canada and the United Kingdom in February 2001, but received mixed reviews.