David Rolfe Graeber (; February 12, 1961 – September 2, 2020) was an American anthropologist, anarchist activist, and author known for his books Debt: The First 5000 Years (2011), The Utopia of Rules (2015) and Bullshit Jobs: A Theory (2018). He was a professor of anthropology at the London School of Economics.As an assistant professor and associate professor of anthropology at Yale from 1998 to 2007, Graeber specialized in theories of value and social theory. Yale's decision not to rehire him when he would otherwise have become eligible for tenure sparked an academic controversy. He went on to become, from 2007 to 2013, reader in social anthropology at Goldsmiths, University of London.His activism includes protests against the 3rd Summit of the Americas in Quebec City in 2001, and at the 2002 World Economic Forum in New York City. Graeber was a leading figure in the Occupy Wall Street movement, and is sometimes credited with having coined the slogan "we are the 99%". He accepted credit for the description "the 99%" but said that others had expanded it into the slogan.
He is also known as David Rolfe Graeber and David R. Graeber.
Graeber died on September 2, 2020, in a Venice hospital at the age of 59. He had been active until the last days before his death, posting a video to YouTube on August 28, where he stated he had been feeling "a little under the weather", but that he was beginning to "feel better". His wife Nika Dubrovsky announced on Twitter that Graeber was vacationing with her and friends in Venice, and that the immediate cause was internal bleeding. She later tweeted that the hospital will need from two weeks to forty days to issue a detailed report on the autopsy, but that the cause of death was found to be "natural".