Hachalu Hundessa (Oromo: Hacaaluu Hundeessaa; Amharic: ሀጫሉ ሁንዴሳ; 1985 – 29 June 2020) was an Ethiopian singer, songwriter, and activist.
He is also known as Haacaaluu Hundeessaa.
Hundessa was shot on the evening of 29 June 2020 at the Gelan Condominiums area in Addis Ababa. He was taken to the Tirunesh Beijing General Hospital, where he died from his injuries. Thousands of mourners gathered at the hospital, as police used tear gas to disperse crowds and people set tires ablaze. While protesters insisted he should be buried in Addis Ababa, his body was airlifted to Ambo in accordance with his family's wishes. The police arrested several suspects in connection with the murder. Hundessa had reported receiving death threats, including in the week prior to his death, when he gave an interview to the Oromia Media Network.
Hundessa's death sparked protests throughout the Oromia Region, leading to the deaths of at least 200 people. At demonstrations in Adama, nine protesters were killed and another 75 were injured. Two people were shot to death in Chiro, while protesters in Harar toppled a statue of prince Makonnen Wolde Mikael. On 30 June 2020, a statue of former Ethiopian leader Haile Selassie in Cannizaro Park, Wimbledon, south-west London, was destroyed by Oromo protestors.Many people from Ethiopia's ethnic Oromo group say they were oppressed under Haile Selassie's reign and their language and traditional religion were banned. Hundessa's uncle was killed in the clashes.
At 9 a.m., 30 June 2020, the internet was taken down for much of Ethiopia, a measure previously taken by the government during unrest. Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed expressed his condolences to Hundessa's family, urging calm amid growing unrest. Media magnate and activist Jawar Mohammed responded to Hundessa's death on Facebook, saying "They did not just kill Hachalu. They shot at the heart of the Oromo Nation, once again!!...You can kill us, all of us, you can never ever stop us!! NEVER!!" "There was a disturbance between federal security forces and others, and in the process one member of the Oromia special police force was killed," Mr Endeshaw said. The incident happened when Jawar Mohammed and his supporters intercepted the body of Hachalu Hundessa transport to his home town of Ambo, which lies 100 km west of Addis Ababa.Tiruneh Gemta, an official from Mr Jawar's Oromo Federalist Congress party, told the BBC Afaan Oromoo service they were "concerned" about his arrest and that they hadn't visited "those who've been arrested due to the security situation".Mr Jawar, a media mogul, has led calls for more rights for the Oromo, Ethiopia's largest ethnic group, who have been politically marginalised by previous governments and supported reformist Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed, himself an Oromo, but has since become an ardent critic. 35 people, including Jawar, were apprehended, along with eight Kalashnikovs, five pistols, and nine radio transmitters from His bodyguard.