Manute Bol (; October 16, 1962 – June 19, 2010) was a Sudanese-born American basketball player and political activist. Listed at 7 ft 7 in (2.31 m) tall, he was the tallest player in the history of the National Basketball Association, along with Gheorghe Mureșan. He was officially measured and listed at 7 feet 6 3⁄4 inches (2.305 m) tall in the Guinness Book of World Records. He is believed to have been born on October 16, 1962, in either Turalei or Gogrial, Sudan. He was the son of a Dinka tribal elder who gave him the name Manute, which means "special blessing".
Bol played for two colleges and four NBA teams over his career. A center, he was known as a specialist player; he was considered among the best shot-blockers in the history of the sport, but other aspects of his game were considered fairly weak. Over the course of his career, Bol blocked more shots than he scored points, making him the only NBA player ever to do so. He is second all-time in NBA history in terms of average blocked shots per game, and ranks 15th on the career blocks list.
He is also known as Raan Cheg, The Dinka Dunker, 'Nute, Iron Bol, Minutiae and The Project.
On June 19, 2010, Bol died from acute kidney failure and complications from Stevens–Johnson syndrome at the University of Virginia Medical Center in Charlottesville, Virginia. He was survived by his 10 children, six with his first wife, Along, and four with his second wife, Ajok.
After his death, tributes to Bol's basketball career and charitable works came from around the United States and the world. His former teams, and the NBA, issued statements in recognition of his impact on the sport of basketball and on his native Sudan. Kansas senator Sam Brownback paid tribute to Bol on the floor of the United States Senate just a few days after his death.