\u041c\u0438\u0445\u0430\u0438\u043b \u0421\u0435\u0440\u0433\u0435\u0435\u0432\u0438\u0447 \u0413\u043e\u0440\u0431\u0430\u0447\u0451\u0432 born on 2 March 1931 in Privolnoye. He is a citizen of Soviet Union and Russia. Mikhail Gorbachev was educated at Moscow State University, Faculty of Law and Stavropol State Agrarian University. He obtained Doctor of Sciences.
He is a General Secretary of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union.
Mikhail Gorbachev has had one spouse: Raisa Gorbacheva. He has one child Irina Virganskaya.
Mikhail Gorbachev has worked as a politician, jurist and environmentalist. He has been a member of International Academy of Sciences San Marino, Central Committee of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union, Politburo of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union and Club of Rome. He has has won Nobel Peace Prize, Commandeur des Arts et des Lettres, Honorary citizen of Berlin, Order of Honour, Order of the October Revolution, Collar of the Order of the White Lion, Order of the Badge of Honour, Indira Gandhi Prize, Princess of Asturias Award for International Cooperation, Philadelphia Liberty Medal, Free Your Mind, North–South Prize, Alexander Men Prize, Ronald Reagan Freedom Award, Delta Prize for Global Understanding, Champions of the Earth, Order of the Red Banner of Labour, Medal "For Labour Valour", Medal "For Strengthening of Brotherhood in Arms", Harvey Prize, Otto Hahn Peace Medal, Medal "In Commemoration of the 1500th Anniversary of Kiev", Academy of Achievement's Golden Plate Award, Global Economy Prize, Grawemeyer Award, Order of St. Andrew, Jubilee Medal "Forty Years of Victory in the Great Patriotic War 1941–1945", Order of Christopher Columbus, Grand Cross Special Class of the Order of Merit of the Federal Republic of Germany, Grammy Award, Honorary Doctor of the University of Madrid Complutense, Honorary citizen of Košice, Order of Saint Agatha, Grand Cross of the Order of Liberty, Honorary doctor of the University of Liège, honorary doctor of the University of Münster, æresdoktor ved Tromsø Universitet, Order of Lenin, Point Alpha Prize, Environment Prize, Osgar and Franz Josef Strauss Award. He owns Novaya Gazeta.
Mikhail Gorbachev has held the position of General Secretary of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union, President of the Soviet Union, Chairman of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR and List of heads of state of the Soviet Union.
He is also known as Mikhail Sergeyevich Gorbachev, Gorby, Mikhail Sergeevich Gorbachev, Mikhail Sergeyevich Gorbachyov, Mikhail Gorbachyov and Mikhail Gorbachov.