United States federal judge

Tom C. Clark is ...

Dead
Born 23 Sep 1899 in Dallas
Died 13 Jun 1977 in New York City
Age77 years, 8 months
Correction?
Tom C. Clark
Tom C. Clark
2101 Connecticut Avenue, N.W., a housing cooperative located in the Kalorama neighborhood of Washington, D.C. Built in 1928 by developer Harry M. Bralove and his partners, Edward C. Ernst and John J. McInerney, the Spanish Colonial Revival style former apartment building was designed by architects Joseph H. Abel and George T. Santmyer. 2101 Connecticut Avenue is designated as a contributing property to the Kalorama Triangle Historic District, listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1987. Former occupants include Alben W. Barkley, William E. Borah, Theodore E. Burton, Benjamin N. Cardozo, Tom C. Clark, Willis Van Devanter, Leslie Groves, John Kluge, and Arthur L. Willard.

About Tom C. Clark

Thomas Campbell Clark (September 23, 1899 – June 13, 1977), who preferred Tom C. Clark, was a Texas lawyer who served as the 59th United States Attorney General from 1945 to 1949. He was an Associate Justice of the Supreme Court of the United States from 1949 to 1967. Born in Dallas, Texas, Clark graduated from the University of Texas School of Law after serving in World War I. He practiced law in Dallas until 1937, when he accepted a position in the United States Department of Justice. After Harry S. Truman became President of the United States in 1945, he chose Clark as his Attorney General. In 1949, Truman successfully nominated Clark to fill the Supreme Court vacancy caused by the death of Associate Justice Frank Murphy. Clark remained on the court until his retirement in 1967, and was succeeded by Thurgood Marshall. Clark retired so that his son, Ramsey Clark, could assume the position of Attorney General. Clark served on the Vinson Court and the Warren Court. He voted with the Court's majority in the several cases concerning racial segregation, including the landmark case of Brown v. Board of Education. He wrote the majority opinion in Heart of Atlanta Motel v. United States, which upheld the public accommodations provision of the Civil Rights Act of 1964. He also wrote the majority opinion in Garner v. Board of Public Works, Joseph Burstyn, Inc. v. Wilson, and Abington School District v. Schempp.

Death

Clark was found to have died in his sleep in New York City on June 13, 1977, in his son's apartment. He was interred in Restland Memorial Park, Dallas, Texas.

The University of Texas's School of Law in Austin maintains an extensive collection (524 linear feet) of Clark's papers, including his Supreme Court files. The law school also names the student lounge after Clark, and awards a sizeable tuition subsidy for selected students in his honor. A smaller collection of Clark's papers, primarily relating to his years as Attorney General, is located at the Harry S. Truman Library in Independence, Missouri.

Other buildings named after Justice Clark include Tom C. Clark Building in Austin, which houses some offices of the Texas Judiciary, and Tom C. Clark High School in San Antonio, Texas' Northside Independent School District. His former law clerks honored him by creating the Tom C. Clark award given to the outstanding Supreme Court Fellow each year. Recipients have included Professor Robert George (McCormick Professor of Jurisprudence, at Princeton University) and Professor Barbara A. Perry (Senior Fellow at the University of Virginia's Miller Center of Public Affairs and former Carter Glass Professor of Government at Sweet Briar College).